Robert E. Worden, Ph.D.

Dr. Worden is the Director of the Finn Institute. He is also an associate professor of criminal justice and public policy at the University at Albany, State University of New York, on whose faculty he has served since 1990. He holds a Ph.D. in political science from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, with specializations in public administration and public policy.

Dr. Worden previously served on the faculties of the University of Georgia and Michigan State University. He has conducted basic research on the forces that shape police decision-making and behavior, and applied research on police strategies, programs, and reforms. His scholarship has appeared in a number of academic journals, and his research has been funded by the National Institute of Justice, the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services, and a number of local governments. In 2000, he was appointed to serve on the National Research Council’s Committee to Review Research on Police Policies and Practices. In 2001, he was appointed by New York’s governor to serve on the New York State Law Enforcement Accreditation Council, on which he continues to serve. He also served on the City of Albany’s Gun Violence Task Force, and New York State’s Crime Analyst Certification Committee; he currently serves on the Albany County Reentry Task Force.

Selected Publications

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J. McLean, in press. Mirage of Police Reform: Procedural Justice and Police Legitimacy. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.  http://www.ucpress.edu/book.php?isbn=9780520292413

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J. McLean, forthcoming. “Research on Police Legitimacy: The State of the Art,” Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management.

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J. McLean, in press. “Measuring, Managing, and Enhancing Procedural Justice in Policing: Promise and Pitfalls,” Criminal Justice Policy Review.  (Published on-line August 4, 2016; doi 10.1177/0887403416662505.)

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J. McLean, 2016. “Prediction and Intervention to Prevent Police Misconduct,” in Ronald Burke (ed.), Stress in Policing: Sources, Consequences and Interventions. London: Routledge.

Wheeler, Andrew P., Robert E. Worden, and Sarah J. McLean, in press. “Replicating Group-Based Trajectory Models of Crime at Micro-Places in Albany, NY,” Journal of Quantitative Criminology. (Published on-line October 19, 2015; doi 10.1007/s10940-015-9268-3.)

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J. McLean, 2015. “Police Legitimacy, Procedural Justice, and the Exercise of Police Authority,” Research in Brief, The Police Chief 82 (November, 2015): 14-16.

Worden, Robert E., Sarah J. McLean and Heidi S. Bonner, 2015. “You Can Observe a Lot by Watching: Contributions of Systematic Social Observation to Our Understanding of Police” in Roger G. Dunham and Geoffrey P. Alpert, eds., Critical Issues in Policing: Contemporary Readings. 7th ed.; Long Grove, IL: Waveland.

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J. McLean, 2014. “Police Discretion in Law Enforcement,” in Gerben Jan Nicholaas Bruinsma and David Lee Weisburd, eds., Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.

McCluskey, John D., Robert E. Worden, and Sarah J. McLean, 2014. “Police Legitimacy and Police Encounters,” in Gerben Jan Nicholaas Bruinsma and David Lee Weisburd, eds., Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J. McLean, 2014. “Systematic Social Observation of the Police,” in Michael Reisig and Robert Kane, eds., Oxford Handbook on Police and Policing. New York: Oxford University Press.

Worden, Robert E., Sarah J. McLean and Heidi S. Bonner, 2014. “Research Partners in Criminal Justice: Notes from Syracuse,” Criminal Justice Studies 27 (3): 278-293.  (doi 10.1080/1478601X.2014.947812.)

Worden, Robert E., Christopher J. Harris, and Sarah J. McLean, 2014. “Risk Assessment and Risk Management in Policing,” Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management 37 (2): 239-258. (doi 10.1108/PIJPSM-12-2012-0088.)

Harris, Christopher J., and Robert E. Worden, 2014. “The Effect of Sanctions on Police Misconduct,” Crime & Delinquency 60 (8): 1258-1288.  (Published on-line December 6, 2012; doi 10.1177/0011128712466933.)

McLean, Sarah J., Robert E. Worden, and MoonSun Kim, 2013. “Here’s Looking at You: An Evaluation of Public CCTV Cameras and Their Effects on Crime and Disorder,” Criminal Justice Review 38: 303-334. (Published on-line July 7, 2013; doi 10.1177/0734016813492415.)

Worden, Robert E., MoonSun Kim, Christopher J. Harris, Mary Anne Pratte, Shelagh Dorn, and Shelley S. Hyland, 2013. “Intervention with Problem Officers: An Outcome Evaluation of an EIS Intervention,” Criminal Justice and Behavior 40 (April): 410-438.  (Published on-line October 2, 2012; doi 10.1177/0093854812458095.)

Worden, Robert E., Sarah J. McLean and Andrew P. Wheeler, 2012. “Testing for Racial Profiling with the Veil-of-Darkness Method,” Police Quarterly 15 (March): 92-111.  (Published on-line January 8, 2012; doi 10.1177/1098611111433027.)

McLean, Sarah J., Robert E. Worden, MoonSun Kim, Tara L. Garmley, and Heidi S. Bonner, 2010. “Operation Safe Corridor: An Outcome Evaluation,” Criminal Justice Policy Review 21 (September):363-380. (Published on-line May 11, 2010; doi:10.1177/0887403410367679).

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J. McLean, 2009.  DDACTS in Theory and Practice.  Albany: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety, Inc.  (Also included as an appendix in Jack Stuster, Data-Driven Approaches to Crime and Traffic Safety: Case Studies of Six Programs, Report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [Santa Barbara: Anacapa Sciences, Inc., 2010].  Available at http://stko.maryland.gov/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=3kX1XOa2QEc%3d&tabid=132&.pdf.)

Engel, Robin Shepard, and Robert E. Worden, 2003. “Police Officers’ Attitudes, Behavior, and Supervisory Influences: An Analysis of Problem-solving,” Criminology 41 (February): 131-166.

Paoline, Eugene A., Stephanie M. Myers, and Robert E. Worden, 2000. “Police Culture, Individualism, and Community Policing: Evidence from Two Police Departments,” Justice Quarterly 17 (September): 575-605.

Engel, Robin Shepard, James J. Sobol, and Robert E. Worden, 2000. “Further Exploration of the Demeanor Hypothesis: The Interaction Effects of Suspects’ Characteristics and Demeanor on Police Behavior,” Justice Quarterly 17 (June): 235-258.

Worden, Robert E., and Stephen D. Mastrofski, 1998. “Differential Police Response:  Evaluation,” in Larry T. Hoover, ed., Police Program Evaluation.  Washington: Police Executive Research Forum.

Worden, Robert E., 1996. “The Effectiveness of Street-Level Drug Enforcement,” in Larry T. Hoover, ed., Quantifying Quality in Policing.  Washington:  Police Executive Research Forum.

Bynum, Timothy S., and Robert E. Worden, 1996. Police Drug Crackdowns: An Evaluation of Implementation and Effects. Report to the National Institute of Justice. East Lansing, Mich.: School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University.

Bayley, David H., and Robert E. Worden, 1996. Federal Funding of Police Overtime: A Utilization Study. Report to the National Institute of Justice. Albany, NY: Hindelang Criminal Justice Research Center, University at Albany.

Worden, Robert E., Robin L. Shepard, and Stephen D. Mastrofski, 1996. “On the Meaning and Measurement of Suspects’ Demeanor toward the Police:  A Comment on ‘Demeanor and Arrest’,” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 33 (August): 324-332.

Worden, Robert E., and Robin L. Shepard, 1996. “Demeanor, Crime, and Police Behavior:  A Reexamination of the Police Services Study Data,” Criminology 34 (February): 83-105.

Mastrofski, Stephen D., Robert E. Worden, and Jeffrey B. Snipes, 1995. “Law Enforcement in a Time of Community Policing,” Criminology 33 (November): 539-563.

Worden, Robert E., 1995. “The ‘Causes’ of Police Brutality:  Theory and Evidence on Police Use of Force,” in William A. Geller and Hans Toch, eds., And Justice for All: Understanding and Controlling Police Abuse of Force.  Washington:  Police Executive Research Forum.

Worden, Robert E., 1995. “Police Officers’ Belief Systems:  A Framework for Analysis,” American Journal of Police 14 (1): 49-81.

Brandl, Steven G., James Frank, Robert E. Worden, and Timothy S. Bynum, 1994. “Global and Specific Attitudes toward the Police:  Disentangling the Relationship,” Justice Quarterly 11 (March): 119-134.

Worden, Robert E., Timothy S. Bynum, and James Frank, 1994. “Police Crackdowns on Drug Abuse and Trafficking,” in Doris Layton MacKenzie and Craig D. Uchida, eds., Drugs and Crime: Evaluating Public Policy Initiatives.  Thousand Oaks, CA.:  Sage.

Worden, Robert E., 1993. “Toward Equity and Efficiency in Law Enforcement:  Differential Police Response,” American Journal of Police 12 (1): 1-32.

Worden, Robert E., 1990. “A Badge and a Baccalaureate:  Policies, Hypotheses, and Further Evidence,” Justice Quarterly 7 (September): 565-592.

Worden, Robert E., and Steven G. Brandl, 1990. “Protocol Analysis of Police Decision Making:  Toward a Theory of Police Behavior,” American Journal of Criminal Justice 14 (Spring): 297-318.

Worden, Robert E., 1989. “Situational and Attitudinal Explanations of Police Behavior:  A Theoretical Reappraisal and Empirical Assessment,” Law & Society Review 23 (4): 667-711.