Sarah J. McLean, Ph.D.

Dr. McLean is the Associate Director and the Director of Research and Technical Assistance at the Finn Institute. She holds a Ph.D. in criminal justice from the University at Albany, with a specialization in policy and process.  At the Institute she designs and manages evaluative research on criminal justice strategies and interventions, such as gun interdiction patrols, wireless video surveillance, truancy abatement programs, and chronic offender initiatives. Dr. McLean has formal training in qualitative techniques and extensive experience in engaging in qualitative research and analysis. Her research has been supported by the National Institute of Justice and state and local agencies.

Dr. McLean’s current research involves examination of the operation of organizational mechanisms that support performance measurement, administrative accountability, and organizational learning, such as Compstat and multi-agency systems of information sharing and crime intelligence analysis. She is the co-PI on a project supported with an award from the National Institute of Justice to examine how measures of procedural fairness can be incorporated into police accountability systems. In addition to her current work, Dr. McLean’s research has focused on domestic violence. She previously worked as a research associate at the Hindelang Criminal Justice Research Center of the University at Albany, and prior to that as a research associate at the National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice (NCMHJJ).

Publications and Technical Reports

Peer Reviewed Journal Articles

McLean, Sarah J., Robert E. Worden, MoonSun Kim, Tara L. Garmley, and Heidi S. Bonner. 2010. Operation Safe Corridor: An Outcome Evaluation. Criminal Justice Policy Review 21 (September): 363-380.

Worden, Robert E., Sarah J. McLean, and Andrew P. Wheeler. 2012. Testing for Racial Profiling Using the Veil-of-Darkness Method.  Police Quarterly 15: 92-111.

McLean, Sarah J., Robert E. Worden and MoonSun Kim.   2013. Here’s Looking at You: An Evaluation of Public CCTV Cameras and Their Effects on Crime and Disorder. Criminal Justice Review 38 (3): 303-334.

Worden, Alissa Pollitz, Sarah J. McLean and Megan Kennedy. 2013.  Sidestepping Justice? Adjournments in Contemplation of Dismissal in Misdemeanor Courts. Albany Law Review 76 (3): 1713-1750.

Worden, Robert E., Christopher J. Harris, and Sarah J. McLean. 2014. Risk Assessment and Risk Management in Policing. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management 37 (2): 239-258.

Worden, Robert E., Sarah J. McLean and Heidi S. Bonner. 2014. 27(3): 278-293. Research Partners in Criminal Justice: Notes from Syracuse. Criminal Justice Studies.

Worden, Robert E. and Sarah J. McLean (2015) Police Legitimacy, Procedural Justice,  and the Exercise of Police Authority.  Research In Brief, The Police Chief, 82: 14-16.

Wheeler, Andrew P., Robert E. Worden and Sarah J. McLean (in press). Replicating Group-Based Trajectory Models of Crime at Micro-Places in Albany, NY. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J. McLean (forthcoming). Research on Police Legitimacy: The State of the Art. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management.

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J. McLean (2016). Measuring, Managing, and Enhancing Procedural Justice in Policing: Promise and Pitfalls.  Criminal Justice Police Review. (Published on-line August 5, 2016; DOI: 10.1177/0887403416662505)

Book Chapters

Worden, Alissa Pollitz and Sarah J. McLean. 2007. “Judicial Perspectives on Domestic Violence.” In

Nicky Ali Jackson, ed. Encyclopedia of Domestic Violence. Routledge.

McCluskey, John D., Robert E. Worden, and Sarah J. McLean. 2014. “Police Legitimacy and Police Encounters.” in Gerben Jan Nicholaas Bruinsma and David Lee Weisburd, eds., Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J. McLean. 2014. “Systematic Social Observation of the Police.” in Michael Reisig and Robert Kane, eds., Oxford Handbook on Police and Policing. New York: Oxford University Press.

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J. McLean. 2014. “Police Discretion in Law Enforcement.” in Gerben Jan Nicholaas Bruinsma and David Lee Weisburd, eds., Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.

Worden, Robert E., Sarah J. McLean, and Heidi S. Bonner. 2015.  “You Can Observe a Lot by Watching: Contributions of Systematic Social Observation to Our Understanding of the Police”. in Roger Dunham and Geoffrey Alpert, eds. Critical Issues in Policing: Contemporary Readings. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press.  

Worden, Robert E. and Sarah J. McLean. 2016. Prediction and Intervention to Prevent Police Misconduct. In Ronald Burke (ed.), Stress in Policing: Sources, Consequences and Interventions.

Research in Progress

Replicating Group-Based Trajectory Models of Crime at Micro-Places in Albany, NY.  (with Andrew J. Wheeler and Robert E. Worden).

Directed Gun Patrols to Reduce Violence: An Assessment of One City’s Initiative (with Robert E. Worden and MoonSun Kim).

An Evaluation of RICO Prosecutions of Street Gangs (with Robert E. Worden and MoonSun Kim).

Procedural Justice in Police Contacts with Citizens (with Robert E. Worden).

Procedural Injustice: A Problem Analysis (with Robert E. Worden).

Procedural Justice and Citizen Resistance in Police-Citizen Encounters: An Analysis of Arrests (with Robert E. Worden).

Armchair Observation of Police-Citizen Encounters: Using Video Technology to Study Policing(with Robert E. Worden).

Complainants’ Perceptions of Police Complaint Review: Evidence on Citizen Oversight” (withRobert E. Worden and Heidi S. Bonner).

Prediction and Intervention to Prevent Police Misconduct” (with Robert E. Worden).

Research on Police Legitimacy: The State of the Art” (with Robert E. Worden).

Reports

McLean,Sarah J., Giza Rodick, and Robert E. Worden (2006) Juvenile Delinquency Reduction Strategy: Final Report. Report to the Juvenile Crime Enforcement Coalition of Troy, NY. Albany, NY: Hindelang Criminal Justice Research Center, University at Albany.

Worden, Robert E., Sarah J.McLean, Heidi S. Bonner, MoonSun Kim, Tanya Meisenholder, Shelley L. Schlief, and Heather C. Stroker (2006) Analytical Support for Strategic Problem Solving. Report to the NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services. Albany, NY: Hindelang Criminal Justice Research Center, University at Albany.

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J.McLean (2006) Building an Intelligence and Crime Analysis System. Report to the Onondaga County IMPACT Consortium. Albany, NY: Hindelang Criminal Justice Research Center, University at Albany.

Worden, Robert E., Sarah J.McLean, Heidi S. Bonner, MoonSun Kim, Tanya Meisenholder (2007) Strategic Problem Solving in Selected IMPACT Sites: Observations from the Field, 2004-2007. Report to the NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services. Albany, NY: Hindelang Criminal Justice Research Center, University at Albany.

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J.McLean (2007) Violent Crime in Albany: An Assessment. Report to the Albany, NY Common Council. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Worden, Robert E. and Sarah J. McLean (2008) COMPSTAT in the Troy Police Department: A First Year Appraisal, Report to the Troy Police Department. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J., Robert E. Worden, and MoonSun Kim (2008) Schenectady’s Public Surveillance Camera Project: A Process and Outcome Study. Report to the Schenectady County IMPACT Consortium. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J., Heidi S. Bonner, and Robert E. Worden (2009) An Evaluation of the Troy Truancy Abatement Program. Report to the City of Troy Juvenile Crime Enforcement Coalition. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J., Robert E. Worden, and MoonSun Kim (2009) Operation Safe Corridor: An Outcome Evaluation. Report to the Operation Safe Corridor Steering Committee. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J., Robert E. Worden, and MoonSun Kim (2009) Schenectady’s Public Surveillance Camera Project: Phase II Process Evaluation. Report to the Schenectady County IMPACT Consortium. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J., Robert E. Worden (2009) Albany Police Department Employee Satisfaction: Communications. Report to Albany Police Department Command Staff. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Bonner, Heidi S., McLean, Sarah J, and Robert E. Worden (2009) Process Assessment of Albany Police Department’s Zone Maintenance Initiative. Report to the Albany Police Department Command Staff. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Worden, Robert E. and Sarah J. McLean (2009) DDACTS in Theory and Practice. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety. (Also included as an appendix in Jack Stuster, Data-Driven Approaches to Crime and Traffic Safety: Case Studies of Six Programs, Report to the National Traffic Highway Safety Administration [Santa Barbara: Anacapa Sciences, Inc., 2010].)

McLean, Sarah J. and Robert E. Worden (2010) CORE: An Interim Assessment. Report to the Onondaga County IMPACT Consortium. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Worden, Robert E. and Sarah J. McLean (2010) Citizen Oversight of the Albany Police, 2010. Report to the Albany Law School Government Law Center. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Worden, Robert E., Sarah J. McLean and Andrew Wheeler (2010). Stops by the Syracuse Police. Report to the Syracuse Police Department. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute.

McLean, Sarah J. and Robert E. Worden (2011). City of Syracuse Youth Gang Assessment: Phase I. Report to the Onondaga County IMPACT Consortium/Project Safe Neighborhoods Task Force and the Syracuse Community Intervention Committee. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J. and Robert E. Worden (2011) Compstat in the Schenectady Police Department: An Appraisal. Report to the Schenectady Police Department. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Worden, Robert E. and Sarah J. McLean (2012) Building Police Legitimacy One Contact at a Time. Interim Report to the Syracuse Police Department. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Worden, Robert E. and Sarah J. McLean (2012) Building Police Legitimacy One Contact at a Time. Interim Report to the Schenectady Police Department. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J. and Robert E. Worden (2012) Building Police Legitimacy One Contact at a Time: Feedback from Patrol Officers and Supervisors. Report to the Schenectady Police Department. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J. and Robert E. Worden (2012) Building Legitimacy One Contact at a Time: Feedback from Patrol Officers and Supervisors. Report to the Syracuse Police Department. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Worden, Robert E., Sarah J. McLean, and MoonSun Kim (2012). Camera Surveillance on the Near Westside: A Preliminary Evaluation. Report to the Syracuse Police Department. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J. and Robert E. Worden (2012). City of Syracuse Youth Gang Assessment. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Worden, Robert E., Sarah J. McLean, and MoonSun Kim (2013). Highway Gun Interdiction: An Outcome Evaluation. Report to the Syracuse Police Department and the Onondaga County IMPACT Executive Committee. Albany, NY: John Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Worden, Robert E. and Sarah J. McLean (2013). Syracuse Truce, Year One: An Assessment. Albany, NY: John Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Mclean, Sarah J., Robert E. Worden, and MoonSun Kim (2013). Camera Surveillance on the Near Westside: An Outcome Evaluation. Report to the Syracuse Police Department. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Worden, Robert E. and Sarah J. McLean (2014). Assessing Police Performance in Citizen Encounters: Police Legitimacy and Management Accountability. Final Report to the National Institute of Justice. Albany, NY: John Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Worden, Robert E. and Sarah J. McLean (2014). Syracuse Truce, Year Two: An Assessment.  Albany, NY: John Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J. and Robert E. Worden (2015). Rensselaer County Individual Gun Violence Initiative: Offender Forum Process Evaluation. Report to the Rensselaer County GIVE Task Force. Albany, NY: John Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Becker, Kelly J. and Sarah J. McLean (2015). Albany County GIVE: Multi-Disciplinary Team Process Evaluation. Report to the Albany County GIVE Task Force. Albany, NY: John Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J. and Andrew P. Wheeler (2015). Rensselaer County Top Offender Initiative: GOAL Process Evaluation. Report to the Rensselaer County GIVE Task Force. Albany, NY: John Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Worden, Robert E., Andrew P. Wheeler, and Sarah J. McLean (2015). Social Networks of Gun Offenders. Report to the Albany Police Department. Albany, NY.: John Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J. and Kelly J. Becker (2015). To Reach and Connect (TRaC): Phase One Assessment. Report to the Albany Police Department. Albany, NY.: John Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J., Robert E. Worden, Kelly J. Becker, and Andrew P. Wheeler (2015). The Violent Offender Identification Directive (VOID): A Process Evaluation. Report to the Albany Police Department. Albany, NY.: John Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Becker, Kelly J., Robert E. Worden and Sarah J. McLean (2015). Probation-Police Home Visits: A Process Evaluation. A Report to the Onondaga County GIVE Executive Committee. Albany, NY.: John Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Other

Bonner, Heidi S., Robert E. Worden, and Sarah J. McLean (2008) Focused Deterrence Initiatives: A Synopsis. Albany, NY: John Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Bonner, Heidi S., Sarah J. McLean, and Robert E. Worden (2008) CeaseFire-Chicago: A Synopsis. Albany, NY: John Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J. McLean (2008) Tactical Patrol: A Synopsis. Albany, NY: John Finn Institute for Public Safety.

Worden, Robert E., and Sarah J. McLean (2008) Hospital-Based Violence Prevention Programs: A Synopsis. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J., Heidi S. Bonner and Robert E. Worden (2010) Truancy Reduction: A Synopsis. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.

McLean, Sarah J., Robert E. Worden (2010) Public Surveillance Cameras: A Synopsis. Albany, NY: John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety.